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Title: MONOS: Multiplicity Of Northern O-type Spectroscopic systems. I. Project description and spectral classifications and visual multiplicity of previously known objects
Authors: Maíz Apellániz, J.; Trigueros Páez, E.; Negueruela, I.; Barbá, R. H.; Simón-Díaz, S.; Lorenzo, J.; Sota, A.; Gamen, R. C.; Fariña, C.; Salas, J.; Caballero, J. A.; Morrell, N. I.; Pellerin, A.; Alfaro, E. J.; Herrero, A.; Arias, J. I.; Marco, A.
Affiliation: Maíz Apellániz, J.: Centro de Astrobiología, CSIC-INTA, Campus ESAC, Camino bajo del castillo s/n, 28 692 Vill. de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
Trigueros Páez, E.: Centro de Astrobiología, CSIC-INTA, Campus ESAC, Camino bajo del castillo s/n, 28 692 Vill. de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain; Departamento de Física Aplicada. Universidad de Alicante, Ctra. S. Vicente del Raspeig, 03 690, S. Vicente del Raspeig, Spain
Negueruela, I.: Departamento de Física Aplicada. Universidad de Alicante, Ctra. S. Vicente del Raspeig, 03 690, S. Vicente del Raspeig, Spain
Barbá, R. H.: Departamento de Física y Astronomía, Universidad de La Serena, Av. cisternas 1200 norte, La Serena, Chile
Simón-Díaz, S.: Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38 200, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain; Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38 205, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Lorenzo, J.: Departamento de Física Aplicada. Universidad de Alicante, Ctra. S. Vicente del Raspeig, 03 690, S. Vicente del Raspeig, Spain
Sota, A.: Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Glorieta de la astronomía s/n, 18 008, Granada, Spain
Gamen, R. C.: Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata (CONICET, UNLP), Paseo del bosque s/n, 1900, La Plata, Argentina
Fariña, C.: Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38 200, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain; Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes, Apartado de correos 321, 38 700, Santa Cruz de La Palma, La Palma, Spain
Salas, J.: Agrupación Astronómica de Huesca, Parque Tecnológico Walqa, Parcela 13, 22 197, Huesca, Spain
Caballero, J. A.: Centro de Astrobiología, CSIC-INTA, Campus ESAC, Camino bajo del castillo s/n, 28 692 Vill. de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
Morrell, N. I.: Las Campanas Observatory, Carnegie Observatories, Casilla 601, La Serena, Chile
Pellerin, A.: Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Geneseo, 1 College Circle, Geneseo, NY, 14 454, USA
Alfaro, E. J.: Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Glorieta de la astronomía s/n, 18 008, Granada, Spain
Herrero, A.: Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38 200, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain; Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38 205, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Arias, J. I.: Departamento de Física y Astronomía, Universidad de La Serena, Av. cisternas 1200 norte, La Serena, Chile
Marco, A.: Departamento de Física, Ingeniería de Sistemas y Teoría de la Señal, Universidad de Alicante, Ctra. S. Vicente del Raspeig, 03 690, S. Vicente del Raspeig, Spain
Publication: Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 626, id.A20, 39 pp.
Date: 06/2019
Keywords: stars: kinematics and dynamics; stars: early-type; binaries: general; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201935359
ADS: 2019A&A...626A..20M  [Bibtex entry]

Abstract

Context. Multiplicity in massive stars is key to understanding the chemical and dynamical evolution of galaxies. Among massive stars, those of O type play a crucial role due to their high masses and short lifetimes.
Aims: MONOS (Multiplicity Of Northern O-type Spectroscopic systems) is a project designed to collect information and study O-type spectroscopic binaries with δ > -20°. In this first paper we describe the sample and provide spectral classifications and additional information for objects with previous spectroscopic and/or eclipsing binary orbits. In future papers we will test the validity of previous solutions and calculate new spectroscopic orbits.
Methods: The spectra in this paper have two sources: the Galactic O-Star Spectroscopic Survey (GOSSS), a project that obtains blue-violet R ̃ 2500 spectroscopy of thousands of massive stars, and LiLiMaRlin, a library of libraries of high-resolution spectroscopy of massive stars obtained from four different surveys (CAFÉ-BEANS, OWN, IACOB, and NoMaDS) and additional data from our own observing programs and public archives. We have also used lucky images obtained with AstraLux.
Results: We present homogeneous spectral classifications for 92 O-type spectroscopic multiple systems and ten optical companions, many of them original. We discuss the visual multiplicity of each system with the support of AstraLux images and additional sources. For eleven O-type objects and for six B-type objects we present their first GOSSS spectral classifications. For two known eclipsing binaries we detect double absorption lines (SB2) or a single moving line (SB1) for the first time, to which we add a third system reported by us recently. For two previous SB1 systems we detect their SB2 nature for the first time and give their first separate spectral classifications, something we have also done for a third object just recently identified as a SB2. We also detect nine new astrometric companions and provide updated information on several others. We emphasize the results for two stars: for σ Ori AaAbB we provide spectral classifications for the three components with a single observation for the first time thanks to a lucky spectroscopy observation obtained close to the Aa,Ab periastron and for θ1 Ori CaCb we add it to the class of Galactic Of?p stars, raising the number of its members to six. Our sample of O-type spectroscopic binaries contains more triple- or higher-order systems than double systems.

Table A.2 is also available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/626/A20

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